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Conflict and displacement in Iraq have acutely increased the vulnerability of women and girls and put them at higher risk of violence, including sexual exploitation. In 2017, UNFPA ensured the delivery of integrated quality reproductive health services that meet the needs of populations at risk and provided services and trainings to mitigate and respond to gender-based violence and harmful practices, with a special focus on vulnerable women in humanitarian settings.

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Awarness Raising flyers on the available services to women and girls through UNFPA supported women centers

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Iraq is facing the humanitarian crises and forced displacement since 2013, with
over 250,000 Syrian refugees and about 3.4 million Iraqis internally displaced. The
Iraq crisis is characterized by extreme violence including, Gender-based Violence
(GBV). Women and girls are more at risk and have been the most affected by GBV.
GBV impairs the lives of too many refugees and Iraqi IDPs and presents a major
obstacle to many women and girls achieving their full potential. In the recent Iraq
complex crisis, GBV has been cited by experts, humanitarian actors and development
practitioners as a major impediment to justice, peace and to end poverty.
An effective prevention and response to GBV require a multi-sectoral approach and
ensuring protection and safety for women and girls fleeing their places is critical
for Iraq. The issues raised in the report are useful to all partners working towards
upholding protection of women and ensuring quality services are accessible to
women and girls who need them. It is our hope that the issues raised in the report
will help to improve the availability, accessibility and quality of a multi-sectoral
response to GBV (covering healthcare, legal assistance, psychosocial support,
safety and security) in Iraq delivered by government entities, international and
national NGOs as well as to strengthen the design of GBV prevention and mitigation
interventions. Most importantly, the results presented in the report will support IDP
and refugee communities in developing a dialogue forum with service providers on
accountability and efficient service delivery.
UNFPA, together with all other UN agencies, will continue to engage closely with
government agencies, civil society organisations and other service providers,
including the refugees and IDPs themselves, to ensure safety, protection and dignity
of women and girls are the priority for Iraq humanitarian response.

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IRAQ GBV SUB-CLUSTER DASHBOARD, IDP & Refugee Dashboard / Aug 2016, Response analysis

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This fact sheet provides information about the problem of child marriage in the Kurdistan region- Iraq from the legal and societal perspectives and identifies a number of steps necessary for the elimination of child marriage in Kurdistan region of Iraq. Therefore, it includes an overview of the problem context in Kurdistan region-Iraq; the causes of the problem and its consequences on child spouses; analysis of the legal context pertaining to child marriage in Kurdistan region-Iraq; and finally recommendations and suggested policies to address the problem.The applicable methodology for producing this fact sheet includes desk study of the existing legal frameworks and literature related to child marriage in the Kurdistan region-Iraq, in addition to interviews with child spouses, legal experts, state officials, and advocates of children and women’s rights.

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IRAQ GBV SUB-CLUSTER DASHBOARD, IDP & Refugee Dashboard / July 2016, Response analysis

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IRAQ GBV SUB-CLUSTER DASHBOARD, IDP & Refugee Dashboard / June 2016, Response analysis

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During 2015, the Humanitarian Country Team supported the national
effort, preparing one of the most highly prioritized appeals
launched in the region. Partners, supported generously by donors,
have worked around the clock to reach people under siege,
help newly displaced seek safety, provide life-saving support
to families at extreme risk, and deliver assistance to returnees.
Unfortunately, all indicators point to a worsening situation. Iraq,
a country devastated by years of violence and conflict, is experiencing
triple crises—a humanitarian disaster, fiscal collapse
and widespread, paralysing insecurity. Despair among Iraqis
is growing and many are deciding they have no option but to
leave their country.

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UNFPA believes that every woman and girl has the right to have access to affordable reproductive health care and be effectively protected from gender-based violence. UNFPA and partners are
scaling up efforts to empower and improve the lives of women and youth and impacted communities in host countries, including by advocating for human rights and gender equality, to better
cope with and recover from the crisis.

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Globally, 18 years is the legal age of marriage, yet many countries allow individuals younger than 18 to marry if parental and judicial authorities’ consent is provided. More than 30 States allow the marriage of those 15 years of age or younger if their parents’ approval was granted. Furthermore, a large number of countries allow the marriage of girls, under the same conditions mentioned above, at a younger age than those specified for boys, thus demonstrating that the early marriage phenomenon is influenced by gender.

About one third of women in the world are married before the age of 18; furthermore, records show that the highest rate of early matrimony is in South Asia.

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