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Awarness Raising flyers on the available services to women and girls through UNFPA supported women centers

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Iraq is facing the humanitarian crises and forced displacement since 2013, with
over 250,000 Syrian refugees and about 3.4 million Iraqis internally displaced. The
Iraq crisis is characterized by extreme violence including, Gender-based Violence
(GBV). Women and girls are more at risk and have been the most affected by GBV.
GBV impairs the lives of too many refugees and Iraqi IDPs and presents a major
obstacle to many women and girls achieving their full potential. In the recent Iraq
complex crisis, GBV has been cited by experts, humanitarian actors and development
practitioners as a major impediment to justice, peace and to end poverty.
An effective prevention and response to GBV require a multi-sectoral approach and
ensuring protection and safety for women and girls fleeing their places is critical
for Iraq. The issues raised in the report are useful to all partners working towards
upholding protection of women and ensuring quality services are accessible to
women and girls who need them. It is our hope that the issues raised in the report
will help to improve the availability, accessibility and quality of a multi-sectoral
response to GBV (covering healthcare, legal assistance, psychosocial support,
safety and security) in Iraq delivered by government entities, international and
national NGOs as well as to strengthen the design of GBV prevention and mitigation
interventions. Most importantly, the results presented in the report will support IDP
and refugee communities in developing a dialogue forum with service providers on
accountability and efficient service delivery.
UNFPA, together with all other UN agencies, will continue to engage closely with
government agencies, civil society organisations and other service providers,
including the refugees and IDPs themselves, to ensure safety, protection and dignity
of women and girls are the priority for Iraq humanitarian response.

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IRAQ GBV SUB-CLUSTER DASHBOARD, IDP & Refugee Dashboard / Aug 2016, Response analysis

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This fact sheet provides information about the problem of child marriage in the Kurdistan region- Iraq from the legal and societal perspectives and identifies a number of steps necessary for the elimination of child marriage in Kurdistan region of Iraq. Therefore, it includes an overview of the problem context in Kurdistan region-Iraq; the causes of the problem and its consequences on child spouses; analysis of the legal context pertaining to child marriage in Kurdistan region-Iraq; and finally recommendations and suggested policies to address the problem.The applicable methodology for producing this fact sheet includes desk study of the existing legal frameworks and literature related to child marriage in the Kurdistan region-Iraq, in addition to interviews with child spouses, legal experts, state officials, and advocates of children and women’s rights.

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IRAQ GBV SUB-CLUSTER DASHBOARD, IDP & Refugee Dashboard / July 2016, Response analysis

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IRAQ GBV SUB-CLUSTER DASHBOARD, IDP & Refugee Dashboard / June 2016, Response analysis

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The conflict with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)
has had profound humanitarian consequences. Nearly one-third
of Iraq’s population, 10 million people, need help. Three million
Iraqis have fled their homes and 3 million more are living under
ISIL control. Countless people have been brutalized in some of
the most horrific violence in the world. The situation of women
and children, including those who have been captured and
enslaved, is heartbreaking.
Parties to the conflict are regularly violating human rights and
international humanitarian law. Indiscriminate bombing, killing,
abduction, rape, looting and expulsion are common in hard-hit
areas and sectarian violence is threatening to tear communities
apart, undermining national reconciliation, perhaps for generations.
Families throughout Iraq are struggling to find jobs and to secure
housing, decent health care, food and safe drinking water. Two
million children are out of school and in a country with once
high human development indicators, poverty is rising sharply,
and quickly. In the Kurdistan Region, where 1 million Iraqis
have found safety, unemployment is creating serious economic
and social hardship. The cholera outbreak in August confirmed
what many fear—that Iraq’s public and social infrastructure is
collapsing, putting peoples’ lives at extreme risk.
A truly impressive national effort involving the Government,
civil society and countless communities has been mounted to
address the crisis. The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan
Regional Government have provided aid, coordinated assistance
and have helped to secure the safety of populations who
need assistance. The people of Iraq have welcomed displaced
persons into their homes and communities and local groups
and religious organizations have worked tirelessly to provide
shelter, care and support.

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UNFPA believes that every woman and girl has the right to have access to affordable reproductive health care and be effectively protected from gender-based violence. UNFPA and partners are
scaling up efforts to empower and improve the lives of women and youth and impacted communities in host countries, including by advocating for human rights and gender equality, to better
cope with and recover from the crisis.

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Globally, 18 years is the legal age of marriage, yet many countries allow individuals younger than 18 to marry if parental and judicial authorities’ consent is provided. More than 30 States allow the marriage of those 15 years of age or younger if their parents’ approval was granted. Furthermore, a large number of countries allow the marriage of girls, under the same conditions mentioned above, at a younger age than those specified for boys, thus demonstrating that the early marriage phenomenon is influenced by gender.
About one third of women in the world are married before the age of 18; furthermore, records show that the highest rate of early matrimony is in South Asia.

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Iraq’s geopolitical, institutional and socio-economic developments continue to influence and compound the specific population, youth and gender challenges in Iraq.

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